Create QoS Group Policy Objects for Microsoft Teams using PowerShell! Now includes Teams Room Systems!!

**2-20-2018: UPDATE – if you are having issues with Windows 10 not marking packets, please see the bottom of this article for guidance**

**9-23-2019: UPDATE – new section added for creating new QoS Group Policy Object for Microsoft Teams Room Systems!!**

Finally!! I have been waiting quite a while to post this! Teams no longer uses the Ephemeral port range for its Source Ports. We now have defined Source Port ranges for media traffic and they match up with Skype for Business Online!!

Documentation available here

So lets get QoS’ing!!!

You might see a common theme from my posts around QoS in terms of SfB and now Teams. This is true and it mainly derives from being overlooked quite often! So lets go ahead and tackle how to mark it at the Windows Operating System level, it only takes a few minutes I promise.

Again – I am giving Pat Richard @PatRichard  lots of credit as I used his Lync/Skype4B QoS Calculator Tool as a reference.

The commands leverage the Active Directory and Group Policy Management PowerShell modules, so make sure you have them installed prior.

#Retrieve the list of all the installed PowerShell Modules
Get-Module -ListAvailable

Microsoft Teams client GPO

The following PowerShell commands create a new QoS Group Policy Object for the Teams client:

  • A new Active Directory Group Policy Object called “Teams Client – QoS” is created in the default Group Policy Objects location
    • The name of this GPO is completely customizable to fit your naming conventions
  • Targets the Teams desktop client executable: Teams.exe
  • Enables QoS for the computer’s TCP/IP network stack
  • Creates QoS entries for the following Teams communication types for the default ports.
    • Audio
      • Ports 50,000-50,019 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 46
    • Video
      • Ports 50,020-50,039 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 34
    • File Transfer
      • Ports 50,040-50,059 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 24
    • Application Sharing
      • Ports 50,040-50,059 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 24

**Note**
Teams allows you to customize which ports to use. If you have customized the client ports in the Teams Admin Center, you will need to make the appropriate changes to the commands below. To check what client ports you are using . To review your settings go to the Teams Admin Center > Meetings > Meeting Settings > Network section
https://admin.teams.microsoft.com/meetings/settings


#Import the Powershell Module for Active Directory and Group Policy
Import-Module ActiveDirectory,GroupPolicy

#Create a new Group Policy Object (GPO) that will be applied to the Organizational Units (OU's) that contain the computer objects that will be used by Teams users.
#The value "Teams client - QoS" can be modified to fit your needs or naming standards
New-GPO -Name "Teams Client - QoS" -Comment "QoS/DSCP markings for Teams media traffic. That contain the computer objects that will be used by the Teams users."

#Create Registry Value to enable TCP/IP QoS on the computer
Set-GPPrefRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client - QoS" -Context Computer -Key "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\QoS" -ValueName "Do not use NLA" -Value "1" -Type String -Action Update

#Create Registry Value for Teams client Audio QoS in the "Teams Client - QoS" GPO
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Audio QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50000:50019", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "46", "-1"

#Create Registry Value for Teams client Video QoS in the "Teams Client - QoS" GPO
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client - Qos" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Video QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50020:50039", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "34", "-1"

#Create Registry Value for Teams client Application Sharing QoS in the "Teams Client - QoS" GPO
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client - Qos" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams App Sharing QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"

#Create Registry Value for Teams client File Transfer QoS in the "Teams Client - QoS" GPO
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client - Qos" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams File Transfer QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"

Microsoft Teams Room System GPO

The following PowerShell commands create a new QoS Group Policy Object for Teams Room Systems:

  • A new Active Directory Group Policy Object called “Teams Room System – QoS” is created in the default Group Policy Objects location
    • The name of this GPO is completely customizable to fit your naming conventions
  • Targets the Teams Room System executable: Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe
  • Enables QoS for the computer’s TCP/IP network stack
  • Creates QoS entries for the following Teams communication types for the default ports.
    • Audio
      • Ports 50,000-50,019 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 46
    • Video
      • Ports 50,020-50,039 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 34
    • File Transfer
      • Ports 50,040-50,059 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 24
    • Application Sharing
      • Ports 50,040-50,059 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 24

Import-Module ActiveDirectory,GroupPolicy

New-GPO -Name "Teams Room System - QoS" -Comment "QoS/DSCP markings for Teams Room System media traffic."

Set-GPPrefRegistryValue -Name "Teams Room System - QoS" -Context Computer -Key "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\QoS" -ValueName "Do not use NLA" -Value "1" -Type String -Action Update

Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Audio QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50000:50019", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "46", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Video QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50020:50039", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "34", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams App Sharing QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams File Transfer QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"

Microsoft Teams Client & Room System Consolidated GPO

If you want to combine the GPO for the Teams client and the Teams Room System, the following PowerShell commands will create a single QoS Group Policy Object for the Teams client and Teams Room System (I have removed the additional comments for streamlining)

  • A new Active Directory Group Policy Object called “Teams Client & Room System – QoS” is created in the default Group Policy Objects location
    • The name of this GPO is completely customizable to fit your naming conventions
  • Targets the Teams Client & Room System executable: Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe  and Teams.exe
  • Enables QoS for the computer’s TCP/IP network stack
  • Creates QoS entries for the following Teams communication types for the default ports.
    • Audio
      • Ports 50,000-50,019 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 46
    • Video
      • Ports 50,020-50,039 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 34
    • File Transfer
      • Ports 50,040-50,059 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 24
    • Application Sharing
      • Ports 50,040-50,059 (Source)
      • DSCP marking of 24

Import-Module ActiveDirectory,GroupPolicy
New-GPO -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Comment "QoS/DSCP markings for Teams Client and Room System media traffic."

Set-GPPrefRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Context Computer -Key "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\QoS" -ValueName "Do not use NLA" -Value "1" -Type String -Action Update

Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Audio QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50000:50019", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "46", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Video QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50020:50039", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "34", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams App Sharing QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams File Transfer QoS - Teams Room System.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Microsoft.SkypeRoomSystem.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"


Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Audio QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50000:50019", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "46", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams Video QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50020:50039", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "34", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams App Sharing QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"
Set-GPRegistryValue -Name "Teams Client and Room System - QoS" -Key "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\QoS\Teams File Transfer QoS - Teams.exe" -ValueName "Version", "Application Name", "Protocol", "Local Port", "Local IP", "Local IP Prefix Length", "Remote Port", "Remote IP", "Remote IP Prefix Length", "DSCP Value", "Throttle Rate" -Type String -Value "1.0", "Teams.exe", "*", "50040:50059", "*", "*", "*", "*", "*", "24", "-1"


UPDATE – If you are having trouble with Windows 10 not marking packets even though all the registry keys are configured properly. There is an additional setting in the GPO that needs to be selected to allow the you to control the DSCP marking. 

  • Go to the GPO Editor and navigate to Computer Configuration > Policies > Windows Settings
  • Right-click Policy-Based QoS > choose Advanced QoS Settings …
  • Go to the DSCP Marking Override tab
  • Check Control DSCP Marking requests from applications and services
  • Select Allowed

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